Musicians: Charlie Rouse (ts) Thelonious Monk (p) Larry Gales (b) Ben Riley (d) recorded NYC, December 14, 1967 February 14, 1968; Tim Geelan engineer Teo Macero producer.
Cover Art: photography: Horn Grinner Studios; art direction: John Berg, Richard Mantel,
John Berg was art director of Columbia between 1961 and 1985, overseeing notable projects for Chicago, Bob Dylan and Barbara Streisand as well as the famous Bruce Springsteen Born to Run fold out cover. In an interview, Berg said of the Underground cover:
”On Thelonious Monk’s Underground, a project with photographers Steve Horn and Norman Griner, the title of the album came from a current jazz movement, which I twisted into a version of the French anti-Nazi underground of World War II. An entire set was built and the scene was full of costumed extras. There was no problem with budgets in those days. I won a Grammy for that cover, by the way.”
LJC thinks: The rise and rise of “art direction”: big budget “concept” cover art, detached from the musical content. Monk looks posed, his eyes fixed on the photographer, giving away the artifice in a glance. Had he concentrated on playing the piano, thereby casting the viewer as voyeur of a “real” piano-playing resistance fighter, it could have taken it to a different level. But hey it’s Grammy-award winning. And Niiiice. An early Sixties laminate would have finished it beautifully, but those times had gone.The budget was for art direction, not cover printing.
His penultimate studio recording under contract to Columbia (1962-8), following which Monk all but disappeared from the recording scene. Perhaps over-shadowed by its cover art, Underground contains a significant number of new Monk compositions, some of which only appear in recorded form on this album. It was the last Monk album featuring the Thelonious Monk Quartet with Charlie Rouse appearing on only half the tracks. The selection “Ugly Beauty” is the only waltz in Monk’s seventy compositions.
Vinyl: CS 9632 US Columbia two-eye 360 degree sound.
Immediately recognisable for its provocative cover image depicting Monk as a fictitious wartime French Resistance fighter, there is nothing fictitious about Columbia recording, which is of very high calibre. Not quite six eye, but good, and in 1968 still comfortably positioned before the decline in vinyl quality after 1973. The stereo placement is a lot more “rounded” than some of the earlier Columbia recordings, which come across as a Charlie Rouse record rather than a Monk.
On a slightly sinister note, Columbia claim the record “will last as long as mono records played on the same equipment”. Sorry but exactly how long do records last? I thought they all last around forty minutes each time you play them, but perhaps not.
The liner notes are as surreal as the cover art, and are worth a read. “Take that, you honkie kraut”. That’s two penalty points on his free speech license.
Record from a suburban record store specialising in Sixties rock and pop, like they all do. I had passed by the shop many times and ignored it for the same reason. It was a conversation with my GP, knowing I was something of a jazz vinyl fan, that the shop was recommended. Lo and behold, an interesting collection of records was found. No buried treasure of Blue Note originals, not surprising, but interesting nevertheless, and modestly priced with a fair number of original pressings and everything VG++ or better. Conversation with the owner confirmed he declines any records not in excellent condition, unless they are mega-rare. A very good policy.