Many jazz collectors have kindly sent in pictures missing from the Jazzland catalogue review, keep ’em coming, more work to update all the files, thank you. However, I sensed at the time I should have finished the Jazzland story, and not left it hanging by a thread at JLP 75.
Unfinished business, the final chapter of Jazzland JLP 76-100 encompasses the death of Riverside co-founder Bill Grauer in December 1963 following a sudden heart attack , the death of mono, the death of the deep groove pressing ring, the death of the JLP catalogue number replaced briefly by AM, and finally the death of the Riverside and Jazzland label itself, which filed for bankruptcy in July 1964.
After JLP 75, Jazzland issued ten titles which are simply reissued Riverside recordings, but not to be sneered because they are still ’60s vintage from original recordings, many with intruiging alternative covers, even alternative titles.
There are also seven catalogue numbers which were not used – 89, 91, 94, 95, 98, 99, and 100.
More unexpected is the role of Orpheum Productions Inc.in maintaining the blood-line of mono. Sales of mono must have been dwindling fast judging by the paucity of mono copies coming to auction: the home listener had by now invested in a stereo gramophone, most copies of Jazzland towards the end of series are stereo.
I mistakenly assumed Orpheum were merely reissues of the Riverside /Jazzland catalogue. Whilst many of course are just that, here, at the end of the catalogue series, they are the first original mono issues.
JLP 88, Chet Baker Polka Dots and Moonbeams marks the transition to Orpheum and its maroon label (mono). Maroon is the new orange, and they are not deep groove, and neither it seems are most of the end of series orange. As often with labels in transition, some titles are found on both labels.
The Final Chapter
Picking up the story at JLP 75, many pictures now found, though not all. Junior Mance may be smiling but Happy Time labels were not found anywhere, I suspect the accountants were not happy with sales. Deep groove has ceased to be signature of original Jazzland pressings, often stereo is all that is available.
Beyond here, the Jazzland magic stopped working, the founding label is gone, the shadowy presence of Orpheum remains, though who is Orpheum remains unclear. If you know something, umm, leak.
Update: according to Chuck Nessa, who knows a little about the jazz scene, “a bank wound up with the Riverside holdings and eventually created Orpheum to showcase the label for sale.”
Billboard tells us more:
Billboard December 4, 1965:
Preview: work in progress…white promo, orange mono and black stereophonic label…
and some alternative stereo covers…
to be continued….