Gil Evans : The Individualism of … (1963-4) Verve

Selection: Las Vegas Tango  (Evans)

. . .

Artists on the selectionLas Vegas Tango

Piano, Gil Evans ; Bass: Paul Chambers , Ron Carter; Drums, Elvin Jones; French Horn, Ray Alonge; Guitar, Kenny Burrell; Reeds, Eric Dolphy, Bob Tricarico  Garvin Bushell,  Soprano Sax, Steve Lacy; Trombone, Jimmy Cleveland, Tony Studd; Trumpet, Johnny Coles, Bernie Grow; Tuba, Bill Barber. Recorded at Webster Hall, New York City, September 1963, recording engineer Bob Simpson.

Artists across the various sessions, everyone who’s anyone, including six French horn players and six different bass players. .It is worth name-checking the who’s who of Gil’s workforce. I wouldn’t volunteer to fetch coffee and donuts

Gil Evans – piano, arranger, conductor..
Trumpet: Johnny Coles (solo), Thad Jones, Ernie Royal, Bernie Glow, Louis Mucci
Trombone: Jimmy Cleveland (solo), Jimmy Knepper, Frank Rehak,  Tony Studd
Tuba: Bill Barber
Tenor sax: Wayne Shorter (Solo)
Alto sax: Phil Woods  (Solo)
Woodwinds – flute, bass clarinet, alto sax: Eric Dolphy
Soprano sax: Steve Lacy, Bob Tricarico
Reeds, woodwinds: Jerome Richardson, Garvin Bushell, Andy Fitzgerald, George Marge
Woodwinds – flute solo: Al Block
French horn: Julius Watkins, Gil Cohen,  Don Corado, Bob Northern, Jimmy Buffington, Ray Alonge
Tenor Violin: Harry Lookofsky
Harp: Bob Maxwell, Margaret Ross
Guitar: Kenny Burrell, Barry Galbraith
Bass: Gary Peacock, Ron Carter, Paul Chambers, Richard Davis, Ben Tucker, Milt Hinton
Drums: Elvin Jones , Osie Johnson

Recorded variously at A&R Studios, New York, September, 1963; at Webster Hall, New York, April 6 and May 25, 1964; and at Van Gelder’s Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, July 9 and October 29, 1964. Engineers according to session, Bob Simpson, Phil Ramone, and Rudy Van Gelder. The big bonus is that the mastering of the whole record for Verve is in the hands of Van Gelder. Yay!

Artist Context:

Ian Ernest Gilmore Evans  was a Canadian jazz pianist, arranger, composer and bandleader. His first band was formed in 1933. After WWII, he moved into a small furnished basement at 14 West 55th street, New York, that became a drop in place for fellow musicians to hang out and swap ideas. “I rented the place for two years. I never knew who was going to be there when I got home and I didn’t care”. Regulars calling by were Gerry Mulligan, Lee Konitz, George Russell and John Lewis. Charlie Parker mostly came to sleep, often accompanied by Miles Davis, which is how the Evans/Davis association began, leading to The Birth Of Cool (recorded 1949-50, arrangements by Gil Evans), and some years later, Miles Ahead (1957), Porgy and Bess (1958), Sketches of Spain (1960), and Quiet Nights (1962).

His success with Miles afforded him a few albums in his own right, including those for Impulse and Verve. His plans in the  70s for collaboration with Jimi Hendrix were aborted by Jimi’s untimely departure, though marked by the album  Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix (1975). Recognition came with just one Grammy Award, for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Big Band. He continued  touring, combined with a regular residency, Evans and his Monday Night Orchestra at the Sweet Basil club, New York.  He left the stage for the last time in 1988, aged 75.


Recording in the late ’40s the search was on for ensembles, larger than the trio-to-quintet “combos”, but smaller than the “big bands” which were on the brink of economic unviability. Evans assembled a large palette of orchestral colors with French horns and tuba, alto and bass flutes, double reeds and harp; orchestral instruments not associated with “swing” bands, but delivering the ethereal quality heard in Gil’s arrangements.

Recorded a couple of years after his two Impulse titles Out Of The Cool, and Into The Hot (reminder, the latter just music of John Carisi and Cecil Taylor, not Gil’s) . “The Individualism of” includes two compositions co-written with Miles Davis, and four tracks engineered by Rudy Van Gelder recorded at Englewood Cliffs. The various line-ups include  top artists of every instrument – Eric Dolphy, Wayne Shorter, Phil Woods, Ron Carter, Steve Lacy.

Despite having 15 players on Las Vegas Tango, this is not a “big band outing”. The composition and arrangement is a complex canvas, in the manner of George Russell and Charles Mingus, mixing structured composition with improvisation space.  Paul Chambers opens with a heaving, sliding bass riff full of menace, the opening lone trombone voice is  improvised by Jimmy Cleveland, classical Spanish forms hint at Seville and Grenada (or Las Vegas) shimmering on the horizon, a beast lumbering across this dark landscape, a slow tango with sinister purpose. Horns in unison  shriek sudden danger. Paint your own picture, this is fabulous stuff.

Gil Evans plays piano – file under Piano? No, in some other space, which lacks an obvious “File Under:   ” instruction to record stores. “Hey, boss, where do I file “Individualism?”

Gil Evans composer/arranger is not my usual territory, but it got me thinking (At last! you say) You don’t plonk on Beethoven’s 5th Symphony and expect the third violin to get up and take a great solo break. The composed elements are melodic excursions, shifting time signatures, modes, moods and manners, with a rich palette of instrument colours.

With a large ensemble, Evans has a wide range of “things” to throw at you. He can withhold sound, near silence,  a wandering lone figure, or blast you with all instruments. He can contrast sweet and sour, hot and cool, dark to light and all the shades in between. The composer/arrangers art is  to navigate all those freedoms, and still create a coherent whole. The listener’s art is to take that all in and I think I’m beginning to get it.

This album has inspired many review contributions, something of a rare event on line, so take the liberty of including them here, so not just my opinion.

Appreciating Jazz

“It’s cosmic! (Las Vegas Tango)

The initial piano line is a memorable and delicate semblance to the main line delivered with the full force of the band later in the song. The rhythm section minus the piano comes on after the piano line and plays the bassline and only chords in the song, Am7 and Em7 (as opposed to most pieces of this canon which involved intricate chordal patterns). With a normal combo this silence is okay and expected, but with a big band it’s foreboding and tense, unexpected and dark.


The quirky but powerful bassline and the cymbal-rich drums work out of time with the guitar to form a sound from the rhythm section that is full of movement. Shaky and dissonant, the song keeps that quiet tension within the listener throughout the entire song. Every instrument is rather muffled and dull, only once or twice do the trumpets brandish the famous metallic and piercing sound of their higher register, it transports the listener to strange state, one of a deep stillness.


The French horn solo (or muffled flugelhorn, I’m not exactly sure) comes after Evans’ solo on the piano and is again deep, dark, and powerful. The phrasing and vivacity of the players is evident even through the seemingly underwater nature of the song, their consistent tempo making up for the lazy melody line and languid sound.


The guitar solo comes in during the noise climax of the piece, contrasting the last soloist with a sharper and more precise sound. The invasive background figures during this solo would appear at first to be misplaced, but make the guitar seem like it is dodging and running among the attacking horns, a moment of great excitement.


Evans has made a piece here that will be one of my favourites forever: it’s cosmic, powerful and transcendental. He wields the power of the big band with a skilful hand, seen through its perfect orchestration.


Embracing imperfection to a point where dissonance is a pivotal theme is something that adds to the artistic quality of the song. Listen for the slide in the bassline, the chordal solo near the end from Evans himself, and the seemingly out of tune saxophone during the main melody; it’s something different and profound: the imperfections marrying the small human and the greater universe into a majestic tango.”

LJC says: Phew!

Discogs reviewer: “Hugely underrated album, one of Gil’s finest, the accompanying band are playing at their peak. The recording quality gives you the atmosphere and presence of the auditorium, you can hear the echoes and feel the energy of the playing and players as if you were present. Las Vegas Tango has panache and gusto that can blow you away. Don’t sleep on this, you will be playing it over and over again louder and louder… miss this at your peril you have been warned”
Amazon Reviewer: “an extraordinary groove and a compelling and hypnotic richly structured soundscape, interjected with sympathetic structured solos fitting seamlessly in Evans’ orchestral magic”


Vinyl: US Verve V8555 mono VAN GELDER

Laminated gatefold cover.


Collector’s Corner

Not only is this record ridiculously and embarrassingly  inexpensive, the original vinyl is the only issue in mono, as the Evil Silver Disc went to Stereo. Sellers naturally hype up the presence of Eric Dolphy (not especially audible) and Paul Chambers and shouting RARE! but among the top prices we find something of a curiosity, position 2 and 3:

Reel to Reel.

Now this is interesting. A friend of a friend who reviews stuff for Hi Fi magazines assures me that reel to reel is the ultimate in audiophile quality sound. This may well be true, but domestic harmony is frayed at the best of times, due to my many  boxes and wires multiplying. A reel to reel tape machine on the coffee table would ignite World War III, isn’t going to happen, and the availability of material on tape must be extremely limited, despite this Gil Evans appearance. However I’m interested if anyone has any experiences to share of reel to reel. Or indeed  any stories about Gil Evans, or even marital discord harmony over hi-fi equipment, floor is yours.

21 thoughts on “Gil Evans : The Individualism of … (1963-4) Verve

  1. I recently discovered this album, the song Las Vegas Tango really stands out. I was wondering which other jazz albums have the same kind of songs. I can’t really tell I’ve encountered other old jazz records of classic composers like Miles, Trane’s, Duke… with the same spirit and feeling of this album. I’m not the die hard jazz collector but I would like to know which other stuff I need to check out!!

  2. Ian, I took note of your negative opinion on the Verve album in the ‘Unissued Session’ series. The series, of course, were a complete failure in terms of presentation, cover art work and info on personnel.
    Still, for the modest price they can be had for, this album of Gil’s is welcome addition to ‘The Individualism of Gil Evans, on vinyl and CD.

  3. Regarding “Appreciating Jazz” review, the solo on “Las Vegas Tango” is Jimmy Cleveland on trombone, and is mentioned in the liner notes posted on this site. This is a great record and I sought it out in the 80s when it was out of print.
    I don’t care that much for the tracks that were added to the current CD release (e.g. Nothing Like You, Concorde, Spoonful), as they don’t seem to mix with the material from the original sessions of September 1963. There was a bit of production to the original album, and that gets sort of skewed when you just add tracks from the vault.

  4. A few interesting details from Larry Hicock’s book on Gil. Gil signed with Verve in 1961 but did not commence work on his own album until 1963 , After recording 2 titles Flute song (featuring Al Block and Eric Dolphy on flutes ) and El Toreador he stopped the project for some time to focus on the play “Time of the Barracudas ” with Miles Davis. He wrote Hotel me and Barracudas for the play , Hotel me was apparently based on Muddy Waters band , especially Otis Spann’s piano and Little Walter’s harp. In March 1964 he then recorded Hotel me and Las Vegas Tango. Three other sessions followed to complete the project by October 1964. Then Gil left the scene for about 5 years.
    A second album was released in 1974 without Gil’s approval called “Gil Evans Orch , Kenny Burrell & Phil Woods” , part of the Verve “Previously Unreleased Recordings” series. It was a disaster using 2 quartet recordings that were only trials for Gil and should not have been issued , it also included an edited version of Spoonful cutting out a full 4 minutes of music. The other tracks on the LP were Concorde and Barracuda.
    So all this leads me to suggest that even though LP is wonderful you must also own the evil one to get a full appreciation of the Evans genius at that time.
    PS. Please remember that the Impulse release “Into the Hot” did not contain any of Gil Evans music , just a listening reference for two other artists.

    • Into the Hot, quite so, “Gil Evans Presents”… John Carisi group and Cecil Taylor group. Thanks for the reminder. It’s difficult to see what “presents” means in this context, as he is not credited as arranger or composer. Producer? What is a presenter?

  5. Thanks again for bringing me back to an old favorite. Like pcocke I have the DG stereo and love it. I’ve had the mono and non-DG stereo and I like this the best. BTW DG Verves are almost always better sounding then non-DG copies although, unlike Blue Notes etc. they’re not necessarily earlier pressings, just made at a different plant. (West Coast I believe). I love the “airiness” of the flute, and the breathtaking “space” between the instruments on RVG’s engineered Barbara Song. I’m listening to it now… And now on to Las Vegas Tango. I can see why lennibukowski hardly ever turns it over!

  6. i think the only way to achieve marital harmony with odd, expensive, or voluminous hobbies is a mutual respect. i have it easy. the main artery of our house is entirely my records, equipment, instruments, etc. but the rest of the house is my wife… and she is a material culture historian. we have all the manner of macabre and creepy antique oddities… weird taxidermy, human bones, skull lamps, alaskan warrior masks, etc. so we both give each other the room we want from the other, and it works. the key is to have a spouse who also has a stupid hobby. life is good.

  7. Thanks for reviewing this record. It’s such a wonderful recording and a shame I haven’t played it more often. A couple of things struck me after hearing it again…the first was how much this music reminded me of what George Russell was doing in the early 60s (e.g., Flute Song). And apparently Gil and George were exchanging ideas during this period per your bio. And second was the difference in sound across the various recording venues, most obvious in going from The Barbara Song to Las Vegas Tango. Rudy’s recording had a more delicate feel, with Gil’s piano more forward in the mix (and of course, the blunted harmonics of RVG piano recordings). I have a stereo DG record, and it’s pretty good stereo.

    • That’s a very sharp observation about the difference in Gil’s pieces between recording venues and engineers, I hadn’t registered that, but I’m sure you are right. I feel a very unusual A:B coming up with a couple of buddies tomorrow, an afternoon listening session, accompanied by copious quantities of French rosé.

      Perhaps I will A:B the wine pairing against a constant music track. Imagine, this track sounds better with Loire unoaked Chenin Blanc over New World Chardonnay, critical breakthrough, Jazz News meets Decanter.

      Having said that, this afternoon I picked up a bottle of white Sicilian Donnafugata (the fleeing woman) Grillo, SurSur. Fabulous opulent, full-bodied, melon and touches of grapefruit, loooong finish, great class in a glass. I’m about to pair it with the Rendell Quintet Space Walk (1972)

  8. Something I’m still looking for. In the meantime my CD-R will have to suffice. The thing that has always interested me about this record is that its primary focus seems to be on creating long, hypnotic ‘grooves’ rather than classics of composition. Gil was definitely trying for something different with this record, I’ve always felt.

    Looking again at the latest CD versions I am reminded just how much was recorded in these same sessions that wasn’t released — more than twice what made it onto the LP. Time of the Barracudas and the almost-14 minute version of Willie Dixon’s (or Cream’s, depending on how you look at it) Spoonful. The CD — it could be argued — is almost too much of a good thing, as so many CDs are…

    • I agree with you that some CDs would benefit from being shorter. It strikes me as odd when a reviewer criticizes a 35 minute CD as “too short”. Much better than a 60 minute CD with 25 minutes of filler. Having grown up with the LP format, I find it difficult to listen through most hour-long CDs.

  9. Possibly I misunderstood your post but I can assure you that the album was issued originally in stereo as well. I know since I have a copy (Van Gelder stamp) and it sounds stupendous!

    • Mr. Harley, eternal thanks for your sterling work with BN reissues. Maybe The Individualism of Gil Evans would be a contender for the second year of Tone Poet series.

      • Hi Graham, I truly love that album and love all the Gill albums. But I only have access to the titles under the BN umbrella, meaning Pacific Jazz, World Pacific, and Solid State, in addition to, of course, Blue Note. I don’t have access to Verve, unfortunately. (Asked about this the other day in fact.)

        Thanks for your kind words!!


        • Whoops! I should have been paying more attention. Anyhow, looking forward to future Tone Poet releases, especially Sam Rivers’ Contours. I hope it is a success and you manage a second series.

          LJC – apologies for derailing the thread.

          • Be my guest, we all have vested interest. The mega-music companies own all this precious music, but have no motivation to make it available. It requires the efforts of entrepreneurs to re-reissue it, at original-quality. I just picked up Jazzman’s two double Blue Note “Spiritual Jazz” volumes, and I have to say, as owner of some of the originals, the quality is up there with the best. Are the Brits stealing a march on Music Matter Jazz, I wonder?

  10. Oh m yes. Truly a remarkable album. I have owned a copy for some 40 years and dare say I’ve played the second side perhaps 10 times. Somehow “Las Vages Tango” comes to an end and I go place the needle on “The Barbara Song” again.
    To my ears, a splendid example of the genius of Mr. Evans.

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