Blue Note “originals” without the Plastylite “ear”

Blue Note issued around 350 titles on 12″LP  from 1956  until 1966, when the company was sold to Liberty Records Inc.  The last  catalogue number allocated by Blue Note was  BLP 4250 Horace Silver The Jody Grind, and beyond there, all future release decisions were made by Liberty. 

At the time of the sale of Blue Note, however,  there were thirty five titles in preparation for release. The full list is shown below. These sessions had been recorded by Van Gelder, and the record mastered by Van Gelder – Van Gelder metal existed. A Blue Note 4000 series catalogue number had been allocated and many if not all  had sets of labels already printed with the  New York address. Possibly covers were already manufactured, or at least a Reid Miles design commissioned, but the record had not yet physically been pressed.

All these assets transferred with the sale to Liberty, who pressed the records mainly during the last half of 1966. None have the Plastylite ear because pressing transferred immediately to the plant that Liberty purchased to complement their expansion plans:  All-Disc, Roselle N.J.  While the Van Gelder  stamp appeared on the master acetate, the ear was applied during pressing in the Plastylite plant: when pressing moved, the ear disappeared.

All-Disc was, to all intents and purposes, an equal to Plastylite in terms of solid pressing quality,  using similar weight of vinyl at the time. The same could not be said of some other plants used later in the decade, mostly after Transamerica bought Liberty in 1968.  Copies are found without Van Gelder’s stamp, where Liberty chose to re-master the recording themselves, even though a Van Gelder master existed.  The absence of the Plastylite ear is of less importance than the absence of Van Gelder stamp, which indicates re-mastering, too often to the recording’s detriment.

Confusion arises because, in addition to  those thirty five releases in preparation, Liberty  also reissued many titles from the Blue Note back-catalogue. In both cases, any  labels found in the inventory were used first before printing more. This included labels going as far back as the 767 Lexington, and 47W63rd address, and some with an older label applied on just one side, with a more recent label on the other side (usually one with INC and ® to assert copyright). There may be no practical difference between a record copy with an NY label and one with Division of Liberty label, both pressed by Liberty contiguously.

The thirty five  previously unreleased titles are a special case: they are  Blue Note recordings whose first “original” pressing was by Liberty, no ear is expected. One further complication collectors should be aware of, some titles were released originally by Blue Note only in mono (with ear) , and Liberty went on to issue the first stereo edition (without ear). The Liberty stereo may technically be a first pressing.

The full list of the thirty five titles includes some surprises, with much lower catalogue numbers, whose release had been deferred by Alfred Lion for several years, for  commercial reasons.

MONO/STEREO  – no “ear” expected, first pressing by Liberty

(The year shown in brackets below is the year of recording)

4118: Donald Byrd, Free Form (1961)
4171: George Braith, Extension (1964)
4193: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, Indestructible (1964)
4196: Freddie Hubbard, Blue Spirits (1965)
4203: Andrew Hill, Andrew! (1964)
4204: Dexter Gordon, Gettin’ Around (1965)
4206: Sam Rivers, Contours (1965)
4209: Hank Mobley, Dippin’ (1965)
4212: Lee Morgan, The Gigolo (1965)
4213: Bobby Hutcherson, Components (1965)
4215: Jackie McLean, Right Now (1965)
4217: Andrew Hill, Compulsion (1965)
4218: Jackie McLean, Action (1964)
4219: Wayne Shorter, The All-Seeing Eye (1965)
4222: Lee Morgan, Cornbread (1965)
4227: Joe Henderson, Mode for Joe (1966)
4228: Blue Mitchell, Bring it on Home (1966)
4229: John Patton, Got a Good Thing Goin’ (1966)
4230: Hank Mobley, A Caddy for Daddy (1965)
4231: Bobby Hutcherson, Happenings (1966)
4232: Wayne Shorter, Adam’s Apple (1966)
4235: Jimmy Smith, Bucket! (1963)
4237: Cecil Taylor, Unit Structures (1966)
4238: Donald Byrd, Mustang! (1966)
4239: John Patton, Let ‘Em Roll (1965)
4240: Stanley Turrentine, Rough ‘n Tumble (1966)
4242: Larry Young, Of Love and Peace (1966)
4243: Lee Morgan, Delightfulee Morgan (1966)
4244: Bobby Hutcherson, Stick Up! (1966)
4245: Art Blakey, Like Someone in Love (1960)
4246: Ornette Coleman, The Empty Foxhole (1966)
4247: Don Cherry, Symphony for Improvisers (1966)
4248: The Three Sounds, Vibrations (1966)
4249: Sam Rivers, A New Conception (1966)
4250: Horace Silver, The Jody Grind (1966)

  STEREO: no “ear” expected,  first  pressing by Liberty

There are Blue Note titles whose mono edition was pressed by Plastylite, with ear, but whose first pressing in stereo was by Liberty, some time later, hence  without ear. There are also a small number of titles where the sequence is the reverse, the stereo had been pressed by Plastylite , but the mono by Liberty.

First STEREO  release by Liberty

4001: Sonny Rollins, Newk’s Time (1957)
4002: Jimmy Smith, House Party (1957)
4004: Art Blakey, Holiday for Skins, Volume 1 (1958)
4005: Art Blakey, Holiday for Skins, Volume 2 (1958)
4007: Donald Byrd, Off to the Races (1958)
4009: Bud Powell, The Scene Changes (1958)
4010: Bennie Green, Walkin’ and Talkin’ (1959)
4012: Lou Donaldson, Lou Donaldson with the Three Sounds (1959)
4019: Donald Byrd, Byrd in Hand (1959)
4024: Jackie McLean, Swing, Swang, Swingin’ (1959)
4025: Lou Donaldson, The Time is Right (1959)
4031: Hank Mobley, Soul Station (1960)
4034: Lee Morgan, Leeway (1960)
4036: Lou Donaldson, Sunny Side Up (1960)
4038: Jackie McLean, Capuchin Swing (1960)
4048: Donald Byrd, Byrd in Flight (1960)
4051: Jackie McLean, Jackie’s Bag (1959)
4053: Lou Donaldson, Lightfoot (1958)
4056: Freddie Hubbard, Goin’ Up (1960)
4063: Kenny Dorham, Whistle Stop (1961)
4064: Grant Green, Grant’s First Stand (1961)
4071: Grant Green, Green Street (1961)
4203: Andrew Hill, Andrew! (1964)
4212: Lee Morgan, The Gigolo (1965)
4232: Wayne Shorter, Adam’s Apple (1966)
4243: Lee Morgan, Delightfulee Morgan (1966)
4244: Bobby Hutcherson, Stick Up! (1966)

In addition to the above first stereo release by Liberty , there are a further twenty four Blue Note titles whose first stereo release was issued in Japan by King Records or Toshiba-EMI,  and a handful of others which were not released in stereo until Capitol in the US. Early Blue Notes  releases in stereo are not especially recommended, as they were cut from Van Gelder two-track tapes that were intended to prepare a mono edition.

Titles issued by Blue Note in  pseudo-stereo

As the home ownership of stereo phonographs increased, from around 1959,  a number early  Blue Note mono recordings went on to be issued in pseudo-stereo –  “electronically reprocessed for stereo” so new stereo record player owners could enjoy them in simulated “stereo”. Whilst these can be “original Blue Note” issues, they are not true stereo as they pre-date Van Gelder’s move to two track tape recording. These can also be found in pseudo-stereo among Liberty “stereo” reissues. Towards the end of the 1500 series, Van Gelder was routinely employing two track tape, so “genuine” stereo could be recreated  at a later date.

1501: Miles Davis, Miles Davis, Volume 1   (1953)
1502: Miles Davis, Miles Davis, Volume 2 (1954)
1503: Bud Powell, The Amazing Bud Powell, Volume 1 (1951)
1504: Bud Powell, The Amazing Bud Powell, Volume 2 (1953)
1505: J.J. Johnson, The Eminent J. J. Johnson, Volume 1 (1954)
1506: J.J. Johnson, The Eminent J. J. Johnson, Volume 2 (1955)
1507: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, Cafe Bohemia, Volume 1   (1955)
1508: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, Cafe Bohemia, Volume 2   (1955)
1509: Milt Jackson, Milt Jackson (1952)
1510: Thelonious Monk, Genius of Modern Music, Volume 1 (1947)
1511: Thelonious Monk, Genius of Modern Music, Volume 2 (1952)
1512: Jimmy Smith, A New Sound, A New Star, Volume 1 (1956)
1514: Jimmy Smith, A New Sound, A New Star, Volume 2 (1956)
1518: Horace Silver, Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers (1955)
1520: Horace Silver and Art Blakey, Sabu (1953)
1521: Art Blakey, A Night at Birdland, Volume 1 (1954)
1522: Art Blakey, A Night at Birdland, Volume 2 (1954)
1523: Kenny Burrell, Introducing Kenny Burrell (1956)
1525: Jimmy Smith, The Incredible Jimmy Smith, Volume 3   (1956)
1526: Clifford Brown, Memorial Album (1953)
1528: Jimmy Smith, At Club Baby Grand, Volume 1 (1956)
1529: Jimmy Smith, At Club Baby Grand, Volume 2 (1956)
1534: Paul Chambers, Whims of Chambers (1956)
1539: Horace Silver, Six Pieces of Silver (1956)
1541: Lee Morgan, Volume 2 (1956)
1542: Sonny Rollins, Sonny Rollins (1956)
1543: Kenny Burrell, Kenny Burrell, Volume 2 (1956)
1544: Hank Mobley, And His All-Stars (1957)
1547: Jimmy Smith, A Date with Jimmy Smith, Volume 1 (1957)
1548: Jimmy Smith, A Date with Jimmy Smith, Volume 2 (1957)
1551: Jimmy Smith, At the Organ, Volume 1 (1957)
1552: Jimmy Smith, At the Organ, Volume 2 (1957)
1556: Jimmy Smith, The Sounds of Jimmy Smith (1957)
1558: Sonny Rollins, Volume 2 (1957)
1581: Sonny Rollins, A Night at the Village Vanguard (1957)

LJC